He was again arrested during the Non - cooperation movement and the temple entrance elected the President of the Madras Presidency.
Congress Committee during the Thirupur session, where he advocated strongly for reservation in government jobs and education.
His father died when he was five and Bhaktavatsalam was brought up by his uncles started the daily newspaper India which he managed till 1933.
He was the Secretary of the Tamil Nadu Congress Civic Board during the district board and municipal elections of 19.
Ambujammal was not in favour of too much industrialization; she believed in the Village Self-Sufficiency model – as advocated by Bhave.On behalf of the WIA, she was nominated to the Madras Corporation.In 1947, during the All-India Women’s Conference in Madras, she was nominated as the Chairperson of the reception committee.She joined the Salt Satyagraha, and courted arrest.In 1932, she was hailed as the "Third Dictator" of the Congress, and led the Satyagrahis to boycott foreign cloth.Ambujammal qualified as a teacher and taught at Sarada Vidyalaya girls school part-time.She was a committee member of Sarada Ladies’ Union from 1929 to 1936. In 1929, she was nominated Treasurer of the Women’s Swadeshi League, Madras.Bhaktavatsalam served as the Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Local Self-Government in the day, 2 October 1963, Bhaktavatsalam took office as the Chief Minister of Madras, after Kamaraj resigned to spend more time as an office bearer of the Congress Party under K Kamaraj plan.Bhaktavatsalam is, till date, the last Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu from the Indian National Congress.He also served as the Secretary of the Madras Mahajana Sabha for sometime..He was arrested in 1932 for conducting India's independence day celebrations and spent six months in prison.