The anthem was created by Luis Enrique Tord (lyrics), Euding Maeshiro (music) and record producer Ricardo Núñez (arranger).A combined expedition of Argentine and Chilean patriots under General José de San Martín landed south of Lima in 1820 but did not attack the city.The river that feeds Lima is called Rímac and many people erroneously assume that this is because its original Inca name is "Talking River" (the Incas spoke a highland variety of Quechua in which the word for "talker" was pronounced However, the original inhabitants of the valley were not Incas.
The population, estimated at 600,000 in 1940, reached 1.9 million by 1960 and 4.8 million by 1980.
During this period the urban layout was modified by the construction of broad avenues that crisscrossed the city and connected it with neighboring towns.
destroyed most of the city, which at that time was mostly built of adobe and quincha.
The National University of San Marcos, founded on May 12, 1551, during the Spanish colonial regime, is the oldest continuously functioning university in the Americas.
In October 2013, Lima was chosen to host the 2019 Pan American Games.