The ringleaders were later transported to Australia.(See also Rebecca Riots.) A typical 'Swing' letter. The Casual Poor (usually known just as "Casuals") were those to which a workhouse gave temporary accommodation for one or two nights.Workhouses were amongst the rioters' targets — on 22nd November, a mob assailed the Selborne parish workhouse, turned out the occupants, burned or smashed the fittings and furniture, and pulled off the roof.The following day, an even larger mob, including the Selborne rioters, did the same to the workhouse at nearby Headley.Later used more generally as an informal term for a paupers' or famine graveyard, especially associated with workhouse burial grounds.In recent years, there has been a growing campaign to protect bully's acre sites from redevelopment.An establishment, usually funded by a charitable endowment, providing free or subsidised accommodation for the elderly poor of good character, and typically constructed as a row of small self-contained cottages.
However, it gradually spread, particularly when it was found that the goods produced were saleable and made the scheme self-financing. Originally the graveyard adjoining the Royal Hospital in Dublin, where no payment of fees was exacted.In addition, local magistrates could act as ex officio Guardians.The Board met at a fixed time either weekly or fortnightly, usually in a board-room at the workhouse.Ex officio members of a union's Board of Guardians were people, usually local Justices of the Peace, who were entitled to a seat on their local Board without needing to be elected.An establishment originally offering a wide range of care, not only medical but also non-medical provision such as shelter and food, the education of children, and sanctuary for those incapacitated by old age or chronic infirmity.Groups or "families" of pauper children lived in 'villages' of purpose-built houses often set along a street or around a green.Each house would have a house 'parent' looking after twenty or thirty children.The dietary specified the food to be served to each class of inmate (male/female, adult/children etc.) for each meal of the week, often including the exact amount to be provided. A small outbuilding, room, or room-fitting used as a toilet, where dry earth is used to cover and deodorise deposits.After 1834, the Poor Law Commissioners devised a set of six slightly different standard dietaries from which each union could select the one it preferred, based on the local availability of various foodstuffs. (See also Privy, Water Closet, Water Closet, Lavatory, Laundry.) Diagram of an earth-closet. Ex officio is a Latin phrase meaning "by virtue of one's office".Casuals were housed in a separate area of the workhouse, usually near the entrance, known as the casual ward.A smaller room in a school used for accommodating infants, or where a lesson was given to a particular class or group of pupils.