A gold and tin mining town was set up there, but over time its population dropped from 1,000 in its heyday in 1800 to just 100 by 1900. Established in 1889, it actually survived through the Great Depression and well into the 20th century, but today only a handful of people remain on the town's outskirts.
Now a popular fishing and hiking area, Dalton Lake was also home to the Black Hill's first downhill ski area.In 1927, it was renamed Mount Rushmore National Memorial as work began on the sculpture that features the faces of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt.Today, the monument that is about 25 miles south of Rapid City attracts an estimated 3 million visitors a year to the Black Hills.It was called Deadman Gulch because the bodies of two men were found at the mouth of the gulch. Near the foot of Cedar Pass on the east-side of Badlands National Park sits the formation known as Vampire Peak.The large, rough, sandy peak juts up from the bare landscape of the surrounding badlands.Philip is also the home of Scotchman Industries, an internationally respected manufacturer of metal fabricating equipment.Always a service-oriented community, Philip is the proud home of community-owned Philip Health Services which operates a medical clinic, hospital, nursing home and assisted living center.Gloria Grummons, who there between sixth- to eighth-grade in the 1950s said it was once an ideal place to grow up and go fishing.The town still has a small volunteer fire department and hunters return each year to camps at the start of hunting season.South Dakota Game Fish & Parks regularly stocks the lake with rainbow trout.The area also serves as a trailhead for the Centennial Trail, a 105-mile trail that spans the length of the Hills. Pendleton, were killed in August 1876, near where a sawmill once stood, about two miles west of Cleghorn Springs.